Urology is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males.
The urinary tract is where our bodies make, and get rid of, urine. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, bladder adrenal glands, ureters (tubes that run from the kidney to the bladder), urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to where it leaves the body), the prostate and the male reproductive organs.
The urinary and reproductive tracts are closely linked, and disorders of one often affect the other, so a major part of the conditions managed in urology fall in the area of genitourinary disorders.
Urology covers management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) problems, such as urinary tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, as well as surgical problems, such as the surgical management of cancers, the correction of congenital abnormalities or correction of stress incontinence.